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Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the EU on Recent Developments in the South China Sea (11/03/2016)

11.03.2016

The EU is committed to maintaining a legal order for the seas and oceans based upon the principles of international law, as reflected notably in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). This includes the maintenance of maritime safety, security, and cooperation, freedom of navigation and overflight.

While not taking a position on claims to land territory and maritime space in the South China Sea, the EU urges all claimants to resolve disputes through peaceful means, to clarify the basis of their claims, and to pursue them in accordance with international law including UNCLOS and its arbitration procedures.

The EU is concerned about the deployment of missiles on islands in the South China Sea. The temporary or permanent deployment of military forces or equipment on disputed maritime features which affects regional security and may threaten freedom of navigation and overflight is a major concern. The EU therefore calls on all claimants to refrain from militarisation in the region, from the use or threat of force, and to abstain from unilateral actions.

The EU encourages further engagement in confidence building measures which seek to build trust and security in the region. The EU fully supports regional ASEAN-led processes and is looking forward to a swift conclusion of the talks on a 'Code of Conduct' which will further support a rules-based regional and international order. In this connection, the EU reiterates its offer to share best practices on maritime security.   

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高级代表莫盖里尼代表欧盟就中国南海近期形势发表宣言 (11/03/2016)

欧盟坚持以国际法原则为基础维护海洋合法秩序,《联合国海洋法公约》对相关原则有清晰表述。这包括维护海上安全与合作、航行和飞越自由。

欧盟对中国南海各方陆地及海洋领土主张不持立场,但是促请所有诉求方通过和平手段解决争端,清晰阐述其主张立足点,并在追求实现其主张的过程中遵照《联合国海洋法公约》及其仲裁流程等国际法规定。

欧盟对中国南海诸岛部署导弹一事表示担忧。在南海争议岛礁暂时性或永久性部署军事力量或装备,不仅影响地区安全,而且可能威胁航行及飞越自由,令人深感担忧。因此,欧盟呼吁所有诉求方在该地区保持克制,切勿采取军事化举措、切勿使用或威胁使用武力、摒弃单边行动。

欧盟鼓励各方进一步采取措施,在南海建立信任、维护安全。欧盟大力支持由东盟领导的区域解决机制,期待南海“行为准则”谈判尽快结束,从而支持建立以规则为基础的地区和国际秩序。为此,欧盟重申,愿意与相关国家分享海上安全最佳实践。

 

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